Looking for a job in a foreign country such as Germany can be both an exciting and challenging experience. Understanding the recruitment process in Germany is extremely important for job seekers, especially those who are just starting their careers or relocating from another country. What is the recruitment process in Germany and why is it worth exploring the topic? That’s what you’ll find out in this text.

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Learn about the recruitment process in Germany

The recruitment process in Germany may differ from what job seekers from other countries are used to. Understanding these differences can make it easier to adapt to local recruitment standards and procedures. Knowing the recruitment process in Germany will allow candidates to be better prepared for each stage of the recruitment process, which in turn can increase their chances of getting the job they want.

In addition, learning the procedures and requirements of the recruitment process in Germany can help avoid common mistakes that can be made by those unfamiliar with local customs.

Recruitment process in Germany – steps

The recruitment process usually begins with the publication of a job advertisement by the employer. The announcement includes information about the job position, qualification and experience requirements, and instructions on how to apply. After receiving applications from candidates, the employer selects those it will invite to the next stages of the recruitment process. During this stage, the criteria specified in the job announcement are taken into account.

The employer invites selected candidates for an interview. During it, he evaluates their skills, experience and fit with the requirements of the position. Different companies may use different methods to evaluate candidates. After completing all stages of the recruitment process, the employer makes the final hiring decision. The employer informs the selected candidate of the successful outcome of his recruitment.

In Germany, great importance is attached to application documents, such as a resume and cover letter. Candidates must carefully prepare these documents to increase their chances of being invited for an interview. Some companies in Germany may use group interviews or group assignments as part of the recruitment process. This can be a different experience for candidates outside of Germany who are used to more one-on-one interviews. The recruitment process in Germany can be more complicated and longer compared to some other countries. This can include a greater number of stages and a longer wait time for the final recruitment decision.

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Preparation of application documents

Resume (Lebenslauf) and cover letter (Anschreiben). How to write them and what they should contain

  1. CV (Lebenslauf). In Germany, the format of a resume does not stand out. Write your resume in a chronological manner. So that it is clear and easy to read. The first section should include personal information, such as name, address, phone number and email address. Then you should list your work experience, starting with your most recent or current employment and going backwards. It’s a good idea to briefly describe the responsibilities and accomplishments associated with each position. The next section should include information about your education, additional courses, training and certifications earned. It is also worth listing your skills, including foreign languages, knowledge of computer programs, interpersonal skills, etc.
  2. Cover letter (Anschreiben). Personalize your cover letter and address it to a specific employer and job position. In the first paragraph, introduce yourself briefly and express your interest in the particular company and job position. Then describe why you would like to work for that particular company and why you are the right person for the position. In the following paragraphs, discuss your work experience and skills, referring to the requirements specified in the job advertisement. End your cover letter by thanking them for their attention and expressing your willingness to provide additional information during the interview.

Moreover, references from previous employers or mentors can be an important part of an application. In Germany, employers often expect professional references. These can confirm your skills and work experience. Having relevant professional certifications or licenses can be crucial, especially in industries that require specialized knowledge or skills. Make sure to include copies of your certificates or other documents proving your qualifications with your application.

The recruitment process in Germany – formal issues

Once a job offer is accepted, the employer draws up an employment contract, which specifies the terms of employment, such as salary, working hours, vacations, etc. An employment contract is usually required by German labor law and is the primary employment document. Every employee in Germany must have a tax identification number, which is assigned by the German tax office. This is necessary for the settlement of taxes. For citizens of countries outside the European Union, special permits may be required to work in Germany. The conditions and procedures for obtaining a permit vary depending on the country of origin and the type of work.

Every employee in Germany must have mandatory health insurance. The employer often helps choose health insurance and deducts health insurance premiums from the employee’s salary. In addition to health insurance, the employer also contributes to other forms of social insurance, such as pension insurance, accident insurance, unemployment insurance, etc.

Employees in Germany are taxpayers and must account for their income according to German tax law. The amount of income tax depends on many factors, such as the amount of income, marital status, etc. Taxpayers in Germany are required to file an annual tax return (Steuererklärung), in which they declare their income, tax deductions and other information about their financial situation. Based on this information, any tax refunds or surcharges are calculated.


Looking for a job in Germany can be a challenge, but by following practical tips you can increase your chances of success. Remember to tailor your application documents to the employer’s requirements, actively search for job opportunities and build your professional network. Regardless of the obstacles, stick to your goals and be determined to find a job that meets your professional and personal expectations.